商周專欄:大學與社創的距離

:mortar_board: 「私立學校可以成為社會創新組織嗎?」前幾天,文化大學的方元沂老師問我這個問題。

:scroll: 方老師會這麼問,是因為經濟部在今年八月公布了《社會創新組織登錄原則》。

:balance_scale: 去年《公司法》修法,將第一條的公司設立條件,新增了「公司得採行增進公共利益之行為」。兼顧社會使命和市場營運的社會企業,即可循此登記為公司、自願揭露章程,來解決過去營利和使命無法兼容的問題。

:hourglass_flowing_sand: 然而,在社企生態系裡,具有各種型態的組織,也都希望彼此的社會使命與具體成果,都能更加明確的公開揭露。因此在《公司法》修正案通過時,立法院附帶決議,要求政府在一年內研議,如何回應這些朋友的需求。

:ecuador: 為此,許多朋友積極尋求方法、提供意見。今年三月,我和美國《共益公司法》的主要推手 William H. Clark, Jr. 律師見面,他分享了厄瓜多的案例,提供臺灣參考:也就是先提出行政規則、試行一段時間後,再訂立正式的法律。

:handshake: 「行政規則」的好處是,能讓各界致力於社會創新的組織者,在沒有罰則的前提下,能夠主動揭露章程、使命和公益報告。不但在現行合法機制中獲得保障,也讓相關單位參考試行的結果,再決定法律如何訂定。

:house_with_garden: 因此,我們以《社會創新組織登錄原則》做為試行要點,任何組織型態都可以登錄為社創組織,目的就是讓任何有志於社創的朋友,都能在登錄平台上找到夥伴,進而擴大社創生態圈。

:school: 所以,私立學校可以成為社會創新組織嗎?我的回答是:「當然可以!」私立的大專校院,只要透過「財團法人」的組織型態登錄,把學校名稱或簡寫註記在上面,即可成為「以大學為營運模式、以財團法人為組織型態」的社創組織。

:seedling: 這些年來,無論是教育部的「U-start 創新創業計畫」或是「大學社會責任實踐計畫」(USR),師生協力展現的創造力和生命力,都充分展現了「眾人之事,眾人助之」的社創精神。大專校院作為組織者,也將為永續發展的實踐,開展更緊密的夥伴關係。

:children_crossing: 日前,文化大學已經正式登錄為社創組織。我也期待未來無論是公立、私立的高教機構,都能一同在 si.taiwan.gov.tw 平台登錄,加入社創組織的行列。

Universities can be Social Innovation Organizations too

:mortar_board: “Can private universities turn into a social innovation organizations?” A few days ago, Professor Richard Fang from the Culture University asked me this question.

:scroll: Professor Fang asked this question because the Department of Commerce announced the “Principles of Social Innovation Organization Registration” in August this year.

:balance_scale: Last year, the “Corporation Law” was amended to include the conditions for company establishment, and added “the company’s actions to promote public interest.” Social enterprises that take into account their social responsibility and market operations can register as a company and voluntarily expose the charter to solve the problem in the past that profit and mission are unable to balance.

:hourglass_flowing_sand: However, in the social enterprise ecosystem, organizations with various forms also hoping that each other’s missions and results can be more clearly disclosed in public. Therefore, when the amendment to the “Company Law” was passed, the Legislature attached a resolution requesting the government to discuss how to respond to the needs of these friends within a year.

:ecuador: To this end, many friends are actively seeking methods and providing advice. In March, I met with William H. Clark, Jr., the main promoter of the Common Law Act in the United States. He shared the case of Ecuador and provided a reference for Taiwan: that is, first proposing administrative rules and experimenting for a while, then form a formal law.

:handshake: The advantage of “administrative rules” is that organizers who are committed to social innovation can proactively expose their charters, missions, and public interest reports without penalties. Not only to protect the current legal mechanism, but also let relevant companies refer to the results during the trial, and then decide how to form the law.

:house_with_garden: Therefore, we wrote the “Principles of Social Innovation Organization Registration” as a pilot point. Any type of organization can be registered as a social creation organization. The purpose is to enable any friend who is interested in social innovation to find a partner by log into the platform and expand social innovation ecosystem.

:school: So, can private universities turn into social innovation organizations? My answer is: “Of course!” Private colleges and universities, as long as they are registered in the organization type under the “financial corporation”, they can be regarded as a “business oriented financial corporation”.

:seedling: Over the years, whether it is the Ministry of Education’s “U-start Innovation and Entrepreneurship Program” or the “University Social Responsibility Practice Program” (USR), the creativity and vitality demonstrated by the teachers and students have fully demonstrated the spirit of social innovation: “everyone’s business, everyone helps.” As a organizer, colleges and universities will also develop closer partnerships for the practice of sustainable development.

:children_crossing: The registration for the Cultural University has just completed. I hope that in the future, both public and private higher education institutions will be able to log in together on the si.taiwan.gov.tw platform and become fellow organizations to empower social innovation.