蘋果專欄:公務員也能擔任「國際非營利組織無給職理事」

:ballot_box: 剛結束的國慶連假,我在日本大阪,參加同為 RadicalxChange 基金會理事,同時又是以太坊(Ethereum)創辦人 Vitalik Buterin,針對改善社群治理、研究新功能發起的開發者大會(Devcon),分享「總統盃黑客松」運用「平方投票法」的經驗。

:scroll: 或許有些朋友沒聽過以太坊,也不認識 Vitalik。但沒關係,因為本文想要分享的重點,以及每一位公務員都可以援引的是,我目前擔任美國 RadicalxChange 與西班牙 Digital Future Society 這兩個「國際」非營利組織無給職理事的依據。此事並非特例,只要符合要件、完成程序,每一位公務員都能比照辦理。

:balance_scale: 首先,根據《公務員服務法》第 14-2 條第 1 項,以及第 14-3 條規定,公務員兼任非以營利為目的之事業或團體職務,無論是否受有報酬,均應報經服務機關許可。以我的例子來說,就是事前需取得行政院長的同意。

:globe_with_meridians: 然而,過去只有兼任「國內」非營利組織職務的例子。《公務員兼任非營利事業或團體受有報酬職務許可辦法》第 3 條規定,所謂的非營利事業或團體必須是「依法令經向主管機關登記或立案成立之事業或團體」。問題在於,如果是「國際」非營利組織,不一定會在國內立案登記。

:bulb: 「因為法令沒規定或者無前例,就不可以」的邏輯,不符合政府鼓勵公務人員創新的精神。因此,我便徵詢院內專精相關規定的同仁,並向銓敘部發函確認。而銓敘部也指出,並沒有限制必須是在國內有立案登記的非營利組織。

:ok: 此外,依據許可辦法第 5 條第 1 項,如果兼職對本職工作有不良影響、有損機關或公務員形象、有營私舞弊之虞、與本職工作性質不相容等情形,機關應不予許可。雖然這裡規定的是「受有報酬」的職位,我仍以同樣標準衡酌這兩項「未受有報酬」職務,確認不但沒有上述疑慮,更有助份內業務與國際接軌。而我在履行這兩個「未受有報酬」職務時,也都是運用上班以外的時間,嚴守本職工作優先的原則。

:rocket: 總結來說,這兩個「未受有報酬」職務,都對推動社會創新、開放政府業務有所幫助,並取得院長同意。我會繼續以理事身份參與 RadicalxChange 與 Digital Future Society 的活動,藉此向全球推廣我們在相關領域的創新成果。也希望這點經驗,能夠拋磚引玉,作為其他公務同仁援引、參照的案例。

Civil servants can also serve as “pro bono directorates for international nonprofit organizations”

:ballot_box: At the end of the National Day holiday, I was in Osaka, Japan, attending Devcon, a conference initiated to improve community governance and research new features. Vitalik Buterin, who is a member on the RadicalxChange Foundation Council, and also the founder of Ethereum shared with us his experience with “Quadratic Voting” in the Presidential Hackathon.

:scroll: Some readers may have never heard of Ethereum or Vitalik. But that doesn’t matter — the focus of this article is to share my legal basis for serving on two nonprofit organizations , as something every civil servant can reference: RadicalxChange in the United States, and the Digital Future Society in Spain.

:balance_scale: First, according to Article 14(1), Article 14-2(1), and Article 14-3 of the Civil Service Act, a civil servant, stipulated by the law, may not concurrently hold a public employment or business; in the case of adjunct businesses or positions for nonprofit organizations, whether or not they are paid, permission should be requested from the service agency. In my case, it is necessary to obtain consent from the Premier of the Executive Yuan beforehand.

:globe_with_meridians: As stipulated under Article 3 of the “Regulation Permitting the Paid Employment of Civil Servants in Non-Profit Businesses or Groups”, the nominated non-profit organizations must be “legally registered or filed and established with the authorizing department”. The problem is that when it comes to an “international” non-profit organization, the organization may not necessarily be registered or established in the country.

:bulb: Logically, the reasoning that “something is impermissible just because it is neither stipulated by nor has precedence under the law” is inconsistent with the government’s ethos of encouraging the innovative spirit of civil servants. For this reason, I have consulted my colleagues who specialize in the relevant law and submitted a confirmation request to the Ministry of Civil Service. The Ministry then indicated that there is no restriction that a non-profit organization must be registered in the country.

:ok: As stipulated by Article 5, Paragraph 1 of the regulation, if the part-time job has a negative impact on their work, damages the image of the government or civil servant, has the potential for malpractice, or is incompatible with their duty, the organization shall not grant the permission. It is worth noting that although only the “paid” part is specified here, I still consider these two “unpaid” positions with the same criteria, confirming that not only do they not have the above concerns, but also help connect my domestic work with international orgnizations with the approval of the Premier. Moreover, I use my time outside of work to perform these two “unpaid” positions and give priority strictly to the civil service.

:rocket: In summary, considering these two “unpaid” positions, which are directly related to social innovation and open government, and with the consent from the Premier, I will continue to participate in RadicalxChange and the Digital Future Society as a member of the board. Along with the activities to increase the opportunity to promote our innovations in related fields globally, I also hope that this experience can be used as a case for Taiwan’s civil servants to invoke and refer to.