蘋果專欄:我的「法官」初體驗

:woman_judge:t2: 12 月 11 日上午,士林地方法院舉辦「逗陣繞法院」活動,重頭戲是蘭雅國中九年一班的同學與士林地院同仁舉辦的模擬法庭,而我透過即時遠距的方式,擔任這場「審判」的法官。

:balance_scale: 為了讓人民了解司法,也展現科技如何增進司法制度的效能、降低使用司法資源的成本與門檻,士林地院結合了蘭雅國中的校外教學,透過一整天的參訪、互動、實作,讓同學及老師親身體驗「參與司法」的感受,以及思考「公開透明的司法」、「親近人民的司法」,又應該具備哪些元素,這些恰恰也都是 2017 年「司改國是會議」決議推動的目標。

:school: 我參與「審判」的法庭,雖然只是模擬,但所有的細節,都是五臟俱全,完全比照正常法庭的運作。審判長是如假包換、士林地院的江哲瑋法官,陪席法官是蘭雅國中的吳同學,而我透過在法官席上、披上法袍的視訊機器人,遠距擔任受命法官。蘭雅國中的同學跟其他士林地院的法官,則一起扮演檢察官、辯護人、被告、告訴人、證人、法警等等。

:speech_balloon: 案情陳述、交互詰問、提示卷證、法官評議、宣判等常規司法程序,都按部就班進行。在兩個小時的開庭過程中,具體而微地呈現出法庭運作實況。

:computer: 評議的過程,運用了司法院「量刑趨勢建議系統」,江法官也現場展示了它的操作,主要功能是將數萬件的裁判書內容整合成資料庫,並針對不同的犯罪情節與構成要件進行歸納。不僅是法官量刑時的輔助工具,任何對於判決量刑好奇或是有疑問的人,都可以自行在系統上輸入相關參數,例如,酒駕的酒精呼氣濃度,或是交通工具種類,就會得出建議的量刑參考範圍。

💁 在這套系統的基礎上,今年司法院資訊處的同仁,與民間的資訊專家共同組隊,參加今年的「總統盃黑客松」競賽,產出的新版系統,透過人工智慧可以直接閱讀裁判書,不用再輸入個別參數,就可以得出量刑建議,這個提案也獲選為今年的卓越團隊之一。

:world_map: 量刑資訊系統,與士林地院「逗陣繞法院」活動,目標都是要打造人民願意親近的司法。這與「開放政府」的理念一致,也就是運用透明、參與,來建立彼此的互信。而在服務設計的過程裡,又要如何兼顧公正、品質與效率?答案就在「政府數位服務指引」當中。

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My first “judge” experience

:woman_judge:t2: On the morning of December 11th, the Shilin District Court held a “Let’s Go To Court” event. The highlight was a mock court held by classmates from the 9th class of the Lanya Junior High School and staff members from the Shilin District Court. As for me, I was being the judge of this "trial” remotely, but in real time.

:balance_scale: In order to let the people understand the justice system, and to show how technology can improve the efficiency of the judicial system and reduce the cost and threshold of using judicial resources, the Shilin District Court combines the off-site teaching of Lanya Junior High School. Through a full day of visits, interaction, and practical work, let students and teachers have the first-hand experience in the feeling of “participating in justice”, and deliberate on how to further “open and transparent justice” and “justice close to the people”. These are exactly the goals as the result of the 2017 “National Congress of Judicial Reform”.

:school: The court where I participated in the "trial” was just a simulation, but all the details were complete, which is exactly like a proper court. The presiding judge is Judge Jiang Zhewei, who is a real judge from the Shilin District Court, and the accompanying judge is Mr. Wu from the Lanya Junior High School. Through the video robot on the judge’s seat and wearing a robe, I am a remote judge. Classmates from the the Lanya Junior High School together with judges from other Shihlin courts acted as prosecutors, defenders, defendants, informants, witnesses, bailiffs, and more.

:speech_balloon: Routine judicial procedures, such as case statement, cross-examination, prompting of testimony, judge’s review, and sentencing, are all carried out step by step. During the two-hour hearing, the court’s operation was shown in detail.

:computer: During the review process, the Division of Justice’s “Sentencing Trend Suggestion System” was used. Judge Jiang also demonstrated its operation on the spot. Its main function is to integrate the content of tens of thousands of rulings into a database and target different crime scenarios and constituent elements. This will not only help a judge in sentencing, but anyone who is curious or has doubts about sentencing can enter relevant parameters on the system, such as the alcohol exhalation concentration of drunk driving, or the type of transportation, then the recommended sentencing reference range will be displayed.

💁 Based on this system, my colleagues in the Information Division of the Court of Justice this year teamed up with civilian information experts to participate in this year’s “Presidential Cup Hackathon” competition. The new version of the system produced can directly read judgments through artificial intelligence, and can get sentencing suggestions without having to enter individual parameters. This proposal has also been selected as one of this year’s outstanding team.

:world_map: The sentencing information system and the Shilin District Court’s “Let’s Go To Court” event are aimed at creating a justice system that people are willing to get close to. This is consistent with the concept of “open government”, that is, the use of transparency and participation to build mutual trust. And in the process of service design, how to balance justice, quality and efficiency? The answer lies in the Government Digital Services Guidelines.